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Skin Discoloration

discoloration
 

Human skin has red, yellow, brown and blue tone; the skin tones are the result of the combination of bio-molecules including melanin (brown pigment), beta-carotene (yellow to orange pigment), hemoglobin (red pigment) and the condition of the skin.

The most prominent of these is melanin, produced by melanocytes under the stratum basale. Some areas of the skin simply have less melanin than other areas. As the cells that have more melanin come in contact with prolonged exposure to sunlight, they become darker. Other areas with less melanin or that have less exposure to the sun, remain lighter. This gives the skin an uneven tone or a different pigment.

Types of skin discoloration

pigmentation

Pigmentation / Freckles

Freckles, also known as ephelis are spots of concentrated melanin, most commonly found in fair skin complexions. The multiple spots develop randomly and become more prominent after exposure to sunlight.

dark-spots

Dark Spots

Lentigines, or dark, flat spots on the skin occur in te middle age and are also caused by sun exposure. Alpha Hydraxy Acids, Vitamin C and Retinoids are the key ingredients that help fade dark spots.

post-acne

Post-acne Spots

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are dark / red spots left after acne lessions. The treatment of hyperpigmentation includes Retinoids, Idebenone, chemical peels and microdermabrasion.

redness

Redness

From a regular redness in the cheeks to serious erytherma, this condition is frequently amongst very light complexions.